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Kinesiology, often referred to as the science of human movement, is a multidisciplinary field that explores the mechanics and anatomy of the human body in motion. It encompasses various aspects such as biomechanics, anatomy, physiology, neurophysiology, and even psychology to understand how we move, why we move, and how movement affects our overall health and well-being.

What is Kinesiology?

Kinesiologist and client performing deadlifts

Kinesiology is derived from the Greek words “kinesis” (movement) and “logos” (study). It is a broad and dynamic field that examines the interplay between the body’s structure and its ability to perform movements. By understanding these relationships and their impact on health, society, and quality of life, kinesiologists can develop strategies to enhance physical performance, prevent injuries, and promote overall health. The field is not limited to any single aspect of human movement but integrates knowledge from various disciplines to provide a comprehensive understanding of how the body works.

One of the key components of kinesiology is biomechanics, which involves studying the mechanical principles of movement. This includes analyzing how forces interact with the body, how different joints and muscles contribute to movement, and how to op

timize these interactions to improve performance and reduce the risk of injury. Another important aspect is exercise physiology, which focuses on how the body responds and adapts to physical activity. This includes understanding how different types of exercise impact cardiovascular health, muscle strength, endurance, and overall fitness.

Kinesiology also delves into motor control and motor learning, which explore how the nervous system controls movement and how we learn new motor skills. This is particularly important in rehabilitation and sports training, where the goal is to restore or enhance functional movement patterns. Additionally, kinesiology addresses psychosocial aspects of movement, such as motivation, behaviour change, and the psychological benefits of physical activity.

What is a Kinesiologist?

Kinesiologist performing initial assessment with client

A kinesiologist is a health professional specializing in the study of human movement. They possess extensive knowledge in areas such as anatomy, biomechanics, physiology, and motor control. Kinesiologists are trained to assess movement patterns, identify dysfunctions, and develop evidence-based interventions to improve physical performance and prevent injuries.

In British Columbia, kinesiologists are regulated professionals, meaning they must meet certain educational and professional standards to practice. Practicing kinesiologists must obtain a 4-year post-secondary degree in kinesiology or a related field and must be certified with the British Columbia Association of Kinesiologists (BCAK) in order to practice. The rigorous training ensures that kinesiologists have a deep understanding of the human body and the skills necessary to apply this knowledge in real-world settings.

Kinesiologists often work alongside other healthcare professionals, such as physiotherapists, occupational therapists, and physicians, to provide comprehensive care. They may also collaborate with sports coaches, personal trainers, and ergonomists to optimize performance and promote health in various populations.

What Do Kinesiologists Do?

Kinesiologists work in a variety of settings, including clinical environments, sports organizations, rehabilitation centres, research clinics, and private practice. Their roles can be diverse, but some of the common tasks they perform include:

1. Movement Analysis

Kinesiologists assess how individuals move, identifying any abnormalities or inefficiencies. This can involve the use of advanced technology such as motion capture systems, force plates, and electromyography (EMG) to analyze muscle activity. By understanding these movement patterns, kinesiologists can develop targeted interventions to correct dysfunctions and enhance performance.

Kinesiologist performing an assisted hamstring stretch for a client

2. Rehabilitation

Kinesiologists design and implement rehabilitation programs for individuals recovering from injuries or surgeries. This often involves exercises and strategies to restore normal movement patterns, reduce pain, and improve strength and mobility. Kinesiologists may work with patients recovering from a wide range of conditions, including orthopedic injuries, neurological disorders, and chronic pain syndromes.

3. Performance Enhancement

In sports and fitness, kinesiologists help athletes and individuals improve their performance by optimizing their movement techniques, increasing strength and mobility, and preventing injuries. This may involve developing personalized training programs, providing biomechanical analysis, and offering guidance on healthy habits and recovery strategies.

4. Health Promotion

They develop and promote programs aimed at enhancing overall physical health and preventing chronic diseases through exercise and lifestyle modifications. Kinesiologists may work with community organizations, schools, and workplaces to promote physical activity and educate the public about the benefits of an active lifestyle.

5. Ergonomics

Kinesiologists also work in workplace settings to design ergonomic solutions that reduce the risk of injury and improve productivity. This may involve assessing workstation setups, recommending modifications to reduce strain, and providing education on proper body mechanics and posture.

6. Research and Education

Many kinesiologists are involved in research to advance the field of human movement science. They conduct studies to explore new interventions, improve existing practices, and contribute to the body of knowledge in kinesiology.

Who Can Benefit from Kinesiology?

Kinesiology offers benefits to a wide range of individuals, including:

1. Athletes

Whether professional or amateur, athletes can benefit from kinesiology to enhance performance, prevent injuries, and recover from physical exertion more effectively.

2. Individuals with Chronic Pain

People suffering from chronic pain conditions, such as back pain or arthritis, can find relief through targeted movement therapies and exercises designed by kinesiologists.

3. Rehabilitation Patients

Those recovering from surgeries, injuries, or illnesses can benefit from personalized rehabilitation programs that restore function and mobility.

4. Older Adults

As we age, maintaining mobility and physical function becomes increasingly important. Kinesiologists can help older adults stay active, reduce the risk of falls, and improve overall quality of life.

5. General Population

Anyone looking to improve their physical health, fitness, and well-being can benefit from the guidance of a kinesiologist. From designing personalized exercise programs to providing lifestyle advice, kinesiologists help individuals achieve their health goals.

In conclusion, Kinesiology is a vital field that bridges the gap between science and movement, offering valuable insights and interventions to improve health and performance. Whether you are an athlete, a patient in rehabilitation, or someone looking to enhance your overall well-being, kinesiology provides the tools and expertise to help you move better and live healthier.



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